According to Dra. Rocio Rosales Mesa, trauma is the response to an event or experience that is deeply disturbing. This traumatic event or experience overwhelms a person’s ability to deal with what happened and is deeply painful. Trauma is not just physical, it can also be emotional and psychological. It may cause feelings of helplessness or powerlessness, decrease the sense of self, and negatively impact a person’s ability to feel the full spectrum of their emotions and life experiences.

It is important to note that trauma is not a weakness or a flaw of character. It is the body and mind’s way of protecting itself from a terrible experience or event in which a person’s safety was threatened.

See below for support and education regarding trauma, as recommended specialists Dra. Rocio Rosales Meza and Dr. Mariel Buqué, Ph.D.

The specialist


Specialist-recommended resources

Dra. Rocío Rosales Meza


My Grandmother’s Hands: Racialized Trauma, and The Pathway to Mending our Hearts and Bodies |Resmaa Menakem
Therapist Resmaa Menakem examines the damage caused by racism in America from the perspective of trauma and body-centered psychology, and introduces an alternative view of what we can do to grow beyond our entrenched racialized divide.

Oppression and the Body: Roots, Resistance, and Resolutions | Edited by Christine Caldwell and Lucia Bennett Leighton
Bringing together a range of voices, this book offers strategies and practices for embodiment and activism and considers what it means to be an embodied ally to anyone experiencing bodily oppression.

For Indigenous Minds Only: A Decolonization Handbook | Edited by Waziyatawin and Michael Yellow Bird
Featuring Indigenous scholars, writers, and activists who have collaborated for the creation of a sequel to For Indigenous Minds Only explains that decolonizing actions must begin in the mind, and that creative, consistent decolonized thinking shapes and empowers the brain, which in turn provides a major prime for positive change.

Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: American’s Legacy of Enduring Injury & Healing | Dr. Joy Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome helps to lay the necessary foundation to ensure the well-being and sustained health of future generations and provides a rare glimpse into the evolution of society's beliefs, feelings, attitudes and behavior concerning race in America.

Mending the Past and Healing the Future with Soul Retrieval | Alberto Villoldo, Ph.D.
This fascinating book by psychologist and medical anthropologist Alberto Villoldo, Ph.D., explains the practices for healing outside of ordinary time and space. It shows how to enter the timeless now to heal events that occurred in the past, and to correct the course of destiny.

It Didn’t Start with You: How Inherited Family Trauma Shapes Who We Are and How to End the Cycle | Mark Wolynn
It Didn’t Start with You is a groundbreaking approach to transforming traumatic legacies passed down in families over generations, by an acclaimed expert in the field.

What happened to you? Conversations on Trauma, Resilience, and Healing | Dr. Bruce Perry & Oprah Winfrey
Our earliest experiences shape our lives far down the road, and What Happened to You? provides powerful scientific and emotional insights into the behavioral patterns so many of us struggle to understand.


Good Ancestor Podcast: Dr. Rocio Rosales Meza on Decolonial and Spiritual Healing

Fare of the Free Child: Decolonizing your Mind and Spirit


Heal & Triumph: Releasing Generational Trauma with WE RISE 2020

Rebuilding the System for Collective Healing with Devi Brown on Chopra

Decolonizing for BIWFOC: We Honor our Ancestors by HEALING

Spiritual Guidance for Intense Times

We Must Not Forget Spirit in the Decolonial

How BIWFOC Unconsciously Replicate Colonial Systems

For Spiritual, Empathic White Folx

Dr. Mariel Buqué


Understanding the Impact in Trauma | Trauma-informed Care in Behavioral Health Services

Psychotherapy Leads in Treating Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder | Adam P. Stern, MD for the Harvard Health Blog


Breaking the Chains of Intergenerational Trauma with Dr. Mariel Buquè


Peter Levine

Bessel Van Der Kolk, M.D.

Resmaa Menakem


The Body Keeps the Score by Bessel Van Der Kolk, M.D.
In The Body Keeps the Score, Dr. Bessel van der Kolk, uses recent scientific advances to show how trauma literally reshapes both body and brain, compromising sufferers’ capacities for pleasure, engagement, self-control, and trust.

The Complex PTSD Workbook by Arielle Schwartz, Ph.D.
In this mind-body workbook, you’ll learn all about C-PTSD and gain valuable insight into the types of symptoms associated with unresolved childhood trauma. Take healing into your own hands while applying strategies to help integrate positive beliefs and behaviors.

My Grandmother’s Hands: Racialized Trauma, and The Pathway to Mending our Hearts and Bodies |Resmaa Menakem
Therapist Resmaa Menakem examines the damage caused by racism in America from the perspective of trauma and body-centered psychology, and introduces an alternative view of what we can do to grow beyond our entrenched racialized divide.

Seek Support

The healing process is different for everyone. If you or someone you know is in crisis, please call one of the hotlines listed below. In case of an immediate emergency, dial 9-1-1.


National Suicide Prevention Hotline: 24/7 hotline, staffed by trained individuals, for those in suicidal crisis or emotional distress. Crisis hotline (English) : 800-273-8255 ; (en español) : 888-628-9454

National Sexual Assault Telephone Hotline (organized by RAINN): The hotline is a referral service that can put you in contact with your local rape crisis center: 1-800-656-4673, or access their online chat here.

Trevor Project Hotline, Chat, Support Center: The Trevor Project offers trained counselors and 24/7 support to LGBTQ+ young people “In crisis, feeling suicidal, or in need of a safe and judgment-free place to talk.” TrevorLifeline: 1-866-488-7386.

1in6 National Helpline for Men Who Were Sexually Abused or Assaulted: 24/7 chat with a trained advocate.

Strong Hearts Native Helpline: Culturally appropriate, anonymous, confidential, and free service dedicated to serving Native American and Alaska Native survivors, and concerned family members and friends affected by domestic, dating, and sexual violence. 24/7 line to advocates that help connect survivors to tools and immediate support resources: 1-844-762-8483

National Street Harassment Hotline: Operated by RAINN, this is a resource for individuals affected by gender-based street harassment ranging from catcalls and unwanted sexualized and homophobic comments to illegal acts like following, flashing, groping, and sexual assault. Hotline: 1-855-897-5910

US Department of Justice Civil Rights Division online report filing: Link to online report and information

U.S Department of Justice Trafficking in Persons and Worker Exploitation Complaint Line: Hotline concerned citizens can call to report suspected human trafficking or worker exploitation and contact the FBI field office nearest to them. They offer foreign language translation services. Hotline: 1-888-428-7581

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